1 The primary reason we need protein is for growth, maintenance, and repair of our cells. There are many other roles unique to protein. From the list…

1 The primary reason we need protein is for growth, maintenance, and repair of our cells. There are many other roles unique to protein. From the list below, select all that apply.

Enzymes and hormones

Fluid balance

Protection of body organs

Acid-base balance

Strong immune system

Flavor and texture of foods.

2 Like carbohydrates and fats, proteins contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen molecules. However, unlike carbohydrates and fats, proteins also contain ________.

vanadium

boron

nitrogen

helium

3 Proteins are made using 20 amino acids. The 9 amino acids that we must obtain from food are called ______ amino acids. The other 11 amino acids can be made by the body and are called ______ amino acids.

Essential; non-essential

Conditionally essential; non-essential

Non-essential; essential

Essential; conditonally essential

4 Provides all the essential amino acids and are easy to digest and absorb best describe:

Low quality proteins

Conditional proteins

High quality proteins

Incomplete proteins

5 The DRI for dietary protein for most adults is _______ grams per kilogram of body weight. The DRI increases for athletes. The DRI for a resistance athlete may be as high as _______ grams per kilogram of body weight.

1.0; 1.4

0.8; 1.7

1.2; 2.0

6 Kidney beans and brown rice make a complete protein because they are complementary proteins to each other.

True

False

7 Which of the following is a vegan meal?

Scrambled eggs, toast, hash browns

veggie burger, bun and a yogurt smoothie

salmon, rice pilaf and broccoli

beans and rice, zucchini, tofu and rice milk

8 There are many reasons people decide to become vegetarians. Based on your readings, which of the following are reasons? Choose all that apply.

Religious

Cost savings

Environment

Health benefits

9 Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a disorder that occurs when someone has an inadequate intake of protein, energy, or both. Choose whether each characteristic describes marasmus or kwashiorkor:

Inadequate protein, Calorie and nutrient intakes

                       Marasmus             Kwashiorkor         

Inadequate protein intake 

                      Marasmus             Kwashiorkor         

Appearance of a “potbelly” 

                      Marasmus             Kwashiorkor         

Condition of starvation 

                       Marasmus             Kwashiorkor    

10     John is 5’10” tall and weighs 180 pounds. Based on the DRI for protein for most adults, approximately how many grams of protein does John need each day? 

65 grams

180 grams

82 grams

130 grams

11 Soy is rich is the phytochemical _________________, which helps protect cells from damage.

anothcyanins

isoflavonoids

beta-carotene

reservatrol

12 The scientific research supports taking protein supplements as the best method to help someone build muscle. 

True

False

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