1 The primary reason we need protein is for growth, maintenance, and repair of our cells. There are many other roles unique to protein. From the list below, select all that apply.
Enzymes and hormones
Protection of body organs
Strong immune system
Flavor and texture of foods.
2 Like carbohydrates and fats, proteins contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen molecules. However, unlike carbohydrates and fats, proteins also contain ________.
3 Proteins are made using 20 amino acids. The 9 amino acids that we must obtain from food are called ______ amino acids. The other 11 amino acids can be made by the body and are called ______ amino acids.
Conditionally essential; non-essential
Essential; conditonally essential
4 Provides all the essential amino acids and are easy to digest and absorb best describe:
Low quality proteins
High quality proteins
5 The DRI for dietary protein for most adults is _______ grams per kilogram of body weight. The DRI increases for athletes. The DRI for a resistance athlete may be as high as _______ grams per kilogram of body weight.
6 Kidney beans and brown rice make a complete protein because they are complementary proteins to each other.
7 Which of the following is a vegan meal?
Scrambled eggs, toast, hash browns
veggie burger, bun and a yogurt smoothie
salmon, rice pilaf and broccoli
beans and rice, zucchini, tofu and rice milk
8 There are many reasons people decide to become vegetarians. Based on your readings, which of the following are reasons? Choose all that apply.
9 Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a disorder that occurs when someone has an inadequate intake of protein, energy, or both. Choose whether each characteristic describes marasmus or kwashiorkor:
Inadequate protein, Calorie and nutrient intakes
Inadequate protein intake
Appearance of a “potbelly”
Condition of starvation
10 John is 5’10” tall and weighs 180 pounds. Based on the DRI for protein for most adults, approximately how many grams of protein does John need each day?
11 Soy is rich is the phytochemical _________________, which helps protect cells from damage.
12 The scientific research supports taking protein supplements as the best method to help someone build muscle.
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