Write a 12 pages paper on critically explore the evidence evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions in offender treatment programmes commo. The essay will concentrate on bitterness and hostility, fire-setting and unsuitable sexual behaviour to illustrate the way in which advances support clinical work done in the field of offenders with developmental disabilities. I will discuss about evidence of these therapeutic interventions in offender treatment programmes citing instances where it has been effective or ineffective. in addition, some issues that should be taken into account when the evidence of these interventions is being evaluated such as gender and comorbidity will be discussed as well. Forensic Intellectual disability settings are facilities that provide improved Psychological treatment to offenders with intellectual impairments such as learning disability or any similar impairment of intellect and/or adaptive functioning that impedes their ability to adjust in the criminal justice system (Baroff, Gunn & Hayes 2004). Statistics indicate that roughly 20% to 30% of offenders in the criminal justice system have intellectual impairments that inhibit their ability to engage and benefit from programmes meant to reform their behaviour (Glyn and Talbot 2010). In this case, offenders with developmental disorders have a high propensity of offending and risk of re-offending, and they are overrepresented in specific crimes such as sex offenses and fire setting. There are a number of therapeutic interventions that have been devised specifically for this group of offenders. for instance, common offender treatment for the intellectual disability group include therapeutic group counselling sessions for men who have sexually abused. These group sessions last up to 2 hours each week for 16 weeks, and take the form of role-plays, interactive exercises, video and more formal teaching techniques on sex education and allied topics. Anger management programs have been effective with anger and aggression behaviour, and training has emphasized on cognition, expectation, and appraisal of situations. This approach has also emphasized combination of external factors, psychological arousal, and cognitive mediation that is fundamental to anger and aggression situations, in addition to relaxation techniques for easy interpretation by offenders with developmental disability. In the cases of fire setting, following a broadly cognitive–behavioural group based intervention resulted in positive results with the developmental disability group. this is a comprehensive treatment package that includes assertiveness and social skills training, coping skills training and covert sensitization to fire-related imagery. However, a number of barriers in the community such as social exclusion oftentimes limit the access to appropriate and quality Psychological therapies (NHS 2009). it is imperative that the group with Intellectual Disability receives improved Psychological treatment. Besides that, there is dire need for the development of a competent team of service providers with specific competencies in dealing with the intellectual disability group (Pereni 2004). These interventions will enable the members to adjust in the criminal justice system. it will also lessen the risk of re-offending and vulnerability of the group in the system.
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